Categories: Agenda

One of the heroes of the fight against racism: Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, in the United States. His real name is Michael Luther King Jr. He later changed his name to Martin.

He is known for his great struggles against racism!

Who is Martin Luther King?

Martin Luther King is an activist known for his anti-violence and racial equality views. Every January 15, in the USA, celebrations are under the name of “Martin Luther King Day”. Here is Martin Luther King’s famous speech “I Have a Dream” and a series of events that led him to reach the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929, Atlanta, Georgia – April 4, 1968, Memphis, Tennessee) is an African-American Baptist pastor and American citizen rights movement leader.

He is known worldwide for his views of anti-violence and racial equality, and in 1964 he won the Nobel Peace Prize. In addition, in 1977, 9 years after his death, he was awarded the Presidential Freedom Award by former US president Jimmy Carter, and Martin Luther King Day was celebrated in his honor. King’s most known and influential speech is “I Have a Dream”.

Family and history

Martin was born in Atlanta, Georgia to the child of Marthin Luther King and Alberta Williams King. When Martin Luther was born according to King Jr.’s birth records, his name was Michael. After high school, he continued to Marehouse College. He was influenced by Benjamin Mays, who was the rector here and also a citizen rights leader. He graduated from the Department of Sociology in 1948. He then graduated from the Crozer Faculty of Theology in Chester, Pennsylvania in 1st place. In 1955, he completed his master’s degree in Systematic Theology at Boston University.

King married Coretta Scott in 1953. King’s father held the wedding at the bride’s father’s house. King and Scott had four children: Yolanda Denise, Martin Luther III, Dexter Scott and Bernice Albertine. All four King’s children went on their father’s path and became citizens rights defenders Coretta Scott died on January 30, 2006.

Citizen rights activism: Martin Luther King

When King was 24 years old in 1953, King became the pasteur of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, his most important black church. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for being opposed to it, although she had to give her place to a white under Jim Crow law. Then King organized the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The boycott lasted 382 days and the situation became so tense that King’s house was bombed. King was arrested during this boycott. The boycott continued until the American Supreme Court declared racial discrimination illegal in interstate buses and other means of transport.

After this boycott, King played an important role in establishing the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, which aims to unite black churches and make peaceful demonstrations for the reform of citizen rights. King played an important role in this establishment until his death. King was a follower of the non-violent civil disobedience philosophy implemented by Mahatma Gandhi, and he applied this philosophy at the demonstrations by SCLC.

As of 1961, the FBI began to listen to King with the fear of communists infiltrating the Citizen’s Rights movement. However, such evidence has not been reached. The FBI used the recordings he obtained over the next 6 years to force King to leave his leadership position.

A.J., a pacifist. Muste advised Marthin Luther King in his political actions. King, well-organized demonstrations that do not rely on violence against the racial discrimination system in the south, also known as Jim Crow laws, would be of great interest in the media. Indeed, the programs written by journalists and broadcast on televisions sparked great interest in the Citizens Rights Movement, making it the most important agenda item in America in the 1960s.

King organized and organized demonstrations for black voting rights, end of discrimination, employee rights and other fundamental rights. All these rights became part of the American Law with the Civil Rights Act (1964) in 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (1965).

Death of Martin Luther King

Meanwhile, the United States was at war with Vietnam. On April 4, 1967, at the New York City Riverside Church, he made his speech “Beyond Vietnam: Time to Break Silence” (Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence). In his speech he drew the reaction of the public and the media because he interpreted this war with Vietnam as “not fair at all”.

Martin Luther King was followed by southern segregationists. The media’s writing against the King brought southern racists even more. Martin, who was left alone because of his reaction to capitalism, made his last speech on April 3, 1968, “I went to Mountaintop” at Mason Temple.

Martin Luther King was killed by an armed assassination on April 4, 1968, on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel, where he stayed in Memphis. After his death, US President Lyndon B. Johnson declared national mourning. 300,000 people attended his funeral. James Earl Ray, who assassinated, was caught trying to exit the airport in England. Delivered to the United States, Ray was sentenced to 99 years in prison after confessing his crime.

Martin Luther King: Important Words

– If a person has nothing to die for, he has no right to live.

– Everything that has been done in the world has been done with hope.

– At the end of everything, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends.

– Every job that glorifies humanity is honorable and important; it should be done.

– We learned to fly like birds, swim like fish, but we forgot to live brotherly.

Time comes silence betrayed.

People often hate each other because they are afraid of each other; they are afraid of each other because they do not know each other; they don’t know each other because they don’t communicate; they do not communicate because they are divided into classes.

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