What Are Heart Diseases? What are Heart Diseases and Symptoms? Are the Symptoms of Heart Disease Changing in Men and Women? In what condition does the heart, one of the most important organs of our body, show symptoms of cricket? What do we know about the heart?
When our heart, which provides the necessary oxygen and nutrients to your body, cannot fulfill this task for various reasons, it causes some disorders in itself or in other organs.
The heart is a fist-sized organ located just behind and slightly to the left of the breastbone. The heart works through the harmony of three main structures. These; cardiovascular system, coronary arteries and neural network.
It pumps the blood in the human body to the whole body with the help of arteries and veins called the cardiovascular system. Coronary arteries are vessels that spread across the surface of the heart and carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. There is a neural network that manages the contraction and relaxation of the heart through signals. Thus, the heart pumps blood throughout a person’s lifetime.
When there is any health problem, the heart may be affected. These problems can reach a level that endangers human life. Therefore, heart health is an issue that needs attention. Since deterioration of heart health will lead to irreversible consequences, every person should be informed about problems that may be related to the heart.
It is important to know the symptoms of a heart disease that may be serious, to give doctors an idea about early diagnosis and treatment. Since there are many heart diseases, the sooner it can be intervened, the more likely the heart will be healthy.
The heart is a pump made up of a very durable muscle group that moves blood through our circulatory system, which provides our body with the necessary nutrients and oxygen.
The heart is located in the middle of our chest, just below the breastbone. The outer surface of the heart is covered by a pericardium called the pericardium. In order for the heart to move freely while working, there is a very small amount of lubricating fluid between this membrane and the heart.
Like a pump system, it collects blood from the body through the vascular system, sending it to the lungs for oxygenation, and pumping oxygen-enriched blood back into the body.
Heart disease is a term that includes any disorder that occurs in the heart and affects the heart. Under the heading of heart disease, there are blood vessel diseases such as coronary artery disease, heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias) and congenital heart defects besides these diseases.
Cardiovascular disease manifests itself in 4 different ways…
Heart attack occurs as a result of sudden blockage of the heart vessel. The annual seen percentage in the community is 0.6. Heart attack symptoms include;
It has a self-opening heart vessel that is prone to be blocked by the clot. The complaints arising from this situation are the same as for a heart attack. However, the complaints may be less severe and the duration of the complaints may continue throughout the day. Since this situation requires urgent intervention, it is recommended that patients be taken to the nearest emergency room.
Chest pain that comes with exercise: Pressure chest pain from doing any work is one of the symptoms of cardiovascular disease.
You may feel pressure, burning and heaviness in your chest while walking, climbing stairs and hills, after meals or in cold weather. The characteristic of this pain is that it subsides as soon as you stop walking and disappears spontaneously (in less than 5 minutes).
In some cases, it may spread between the shoulder bones of the left shoulder, inner part of the left arm, neck or lower jaw and back, or it can be felt primarily in this area. The reason is the gradual narrowing of your heart artery. It is very important to consult a physician as soon as possible and start appropriate treatment.
It is defined as death that occurs unexpectedly within 1 hour of the onset of symptoms. 12 percent of all deaths occur in the form of sudden death. Half of all sudden deaths are due to cardiovascular diseases. In particular, the share of heart attacks is quite high.
At the beginning of the symptoms of the disease resulting in a heart attack, the feeling of pressure, burning, heaviness and distress suddenly begins in the chest. Later, cold sweat, nausea, and vomiting may accompany. Unfortunately, half of these patients die before reaching the hospital.
Cardiovascular diseases do not occur randomly. It occurs as a result of some risk factors. Unless these risk factors are taken under control, even if any examination is normal (including angiography), the risk of heart attack does not disappear.
What is Blood Pressure?
Tension (Blood pressure) can be defined as the pressure exerted by the blood against the artery wall.
95 percent of blood pressure disease is genetic. However, the patient can determine the onset of this disease that he was born genetically prone to. Depending on his lifestyle, he can delay this process or put it forward.
Tension means the “rapid and violent” flow of blood in the veins. This fast flowing blood; While feeding, it damages organs such as the brain, kidney and heart. It can cause various organ damage such as paralysis, heart attack and kidney failure that occur suddenly over time.
Normal blood pressure is defined as high blood pressure 120 mmHg and below, and small blood pressure 80 mmHg and below. However, with age, the stiffness in the artery increases and the blood flow accelerates. As a result, blood pressure rises and hypertension occurs.
If the blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg and above, it means Hypertension.
The vascular wall exposed to high pressure is damaged and causes the fat particles in the blood to plaster and accumulate on the surface of the vessel. Over time, this accumulation can lead to stenosis or sudden obstruction in the heart vessels.
Considering that the engine of the body is the heart, high blood pressure means that this motor is constantly running at high speed, which causes damage to the heart in the long run.
Heart diseases are more common in women than men in the world. In particular, uncontrolled high blood pressure and rheumatic diseases are more common in women, causing damage to the heart over time. As a result, heart problems are more common in women.
The most obvious difference in women is that chest pain is not as pronounced as men, and that it is felt as shortness of breath or weakness. In addition;
– Extreme weakness,
– Pain that hits the neck, chin or arm is more common.
Symptoms of heart disease vary depending on what heart disease it is related to.
Heart disease can be congenital.
· Diseases related to heart rhythm disturbance may develop.
– Coronary artery disease,
– Dilated (enlarged heart ventricles) cardiomyopathy,
– Myocardial infarction, which means that the muscle layer of the heart is deprived of oxygen
– Heart failure is one of the common heart diseases.
Heart diseases can show different symptoms in men and women. However, there are many symptoms that are common in general. Often the symptoms are continuous and there is no spontaneous improvement. Among the most common symptoms:
It harms not only our lungs, but also our hearts: Smoking activates clotting factors in the blood. It increases heart rate and blood pressure. It initiates the bursting process of bubbles of fat-rich matter in the heart vessels.
The amount of cigarette smoking, which affects the body so negatively, is directly related to the risk of heart attack. Smokers are 3 times more at risk of having heart disease than non-smokers.
Being a passive smoker leads to the same result; The risk of having a heart attack and dying from a heart attack increases one and a half times.
Quitting smoking is very advantageous. One year after smoking cessation, the risk of death from cardiovascular disease decreases by fifty percent. After 5 years, this risk is zeroed in terms of smoking. You can get help from your physician to quit smoking.
The treatment to be applied in heart diseases varies according to which heart disease the patient has.
If the patient has a heart infection, an antibiotic treatment will be applied.
In addition, one of the general treatments used in the treatment of heart diseases is drugs.
· Usually, the priority treatment method is to change the lifestyle. First of all, the treatment of heart disease is aimed by changing the routines of the patient in daily life.
– Foods containing low sodium (reducing salt) and consuming low-fat foods are the primary issues to be considered. Intense sodium and saturated fat consumption can cause clogging of the heart vessels.
– It is recommended to do 30-minute exercises every day to protect heart health. Regular exercise can keep the heart vessels and rhythm regular. (You can find detailed information about heart health and exercise at How to Exercise for Heart Health?)
– Smoking patients quitting smoking or preventing patients working under heavy cigarette smoke,
· Alcohol intake should be limited or even stopped.
In this way, a lifestyle helps maintain heart health. If lifestyle changes are not sufficient, drug therapy is applied according to the type of heart disease.
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